हिंदी में नंबर्स – Exploring Numerals in Hindi

Numerals are an integral part of any language. They are used to represent numbers and quantify objects, time, distance, and various other aspects of everyday life. In Hindi, the language spoken by millions of people in India and around the world, numbers hold significant importance. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the intricacies of numerals in Hindi, including their structure, usage, and unique characteristics.

Understanding the Basics of Hindi Numerals

Hindi numerals are derived from the Devanagari script, which is the script used to write Hindi and several other languages in India. The Hindi numeral system is decimal, like most other numeral systems in use today. It is essential to note that in Hindi, numerals are also categorized into cardinal numbers (counting numbers) and ordinal numbers (sequential numbers).

Cardinal Numbers

  1. Hindi digits: The Hindi numeral system uses a set of ten digits: ० (0), १ (1), २ (2), ३ (3), ४ (4), ५ (5), ६ (6), ७ (7), ८ (8), and ९ (9).

  2. Place values: Similar to English, Hindi numerals follow a place value system where the position of a digit determines its value. For example, in the number 735, 7 represents the hundreds place, 3 represents the tens place, and 5 represents the ones place.

  3. Writing numbers: In Hindi, numbers are written from left to right, with the most significant digit on the left. For instance, the number 123 is written as “१२३” (ek sau tees).

Ordinal Numbers

  1. Suffixes: To form ordinal numbers in Hindi, you need to add the suffix -वाँ (-vaan) for masculine and -वीं (-veen) for feminine genders. For example, “third” is translated as “तीसरा” (teesraa) for masculine and “तीसरी” (teesree) for feminine.

  2. Examples:

  3. first: पहला (pahlaa) / पहली (pahlee)
  4. second: दूसरा (doosraa) / दूसरी (doosree)
  5. fifth: पाँचवा (paanchva) / पाँचवीं (paanchveen)

Complexities and Exceptions in Hindi Numerals

Hindi numerals, like any numeral system, come with their own set of complexities and exceptions. Let’s delve into some of the peculiarities of Hindi numbers:

  1. Dual forms: In Hindi, numbers have dual forms based on gender and formality. For example, the number “two” has different forms: “दो” (do) for informal use and “दोनों” (donon) for formal use.

  2. Transitional words: Hindi makes use of transitional words when counting certain objects. For instance, when counting people, the word “लोग” (log) is used after the number.

  3. Irregular numbers: Some numbers in Hindi follow irregular patterns. For example, the number “11” is expressed as “ग्यारह” (gyaarah) instead of following a standard pattern.

Common Expressions Involving Hindi Numerals

Numbers play a crucial role in various aspects of communication. Here are some common expressions in Hindi that involve the use of numerals:

  1. Age: Age is often stated using Hindi numerals, such as “मेरी उम्र पच्चीस साल है” (meri umr pacchis saal hai) meaning “I am twenty-five years old.”

  2. Time: Expressing time involves a combination of Hindi numerals and specific terms. For example, “साड़े तीन बजे” (saare teen baje) translates to “three and a half o’clock.”

  3. Quantity: When indicating quantities of items or objects, Hindi numerals are used, like “छः गाड़ियाँ” (chhah gaadiyaan) meaning “six cars.”

FAQs About Hindi Numerals

1. How are decimals represented in Hindi numerals?

Decimals in Hindi numerals are represented using the term “दशमलव” (dashamlav) and a dot (.), similar to English.

2. Are Hindi numerals used in formal or academic writing?

Yes, Hindi numerals are commonly used in formal and academic writing in India.

3. Are there regional variations in how Hindi numerals are pronounced?

Yes, there are slight regional variations in the pronunciation of Hindi numerals, especially in terms of accent and intonation.

4. Can Hindi numerals be used in mathematical equations and calculations?

Absolutely. Hindi numerals are fully functional for mathematical operations, and they are used in various mathematical contexts.

5. How do you count objects in Hindi using numerals?

To count objects in Hindi, you would typically use the cardinal numbers followed by the object being counted. For example, “दस किताबें” (das kitaaben) means “ten books.”

6. Are there exceptions to the gender suffixes for ordinal numbers in Hindi?

In some cases, particularly with certain compound words or borrowed words, the gender suffixes for ordinal numbers may not strictly follow the standard rules.

7. Can Hindi numbers be transliterated into the Latin script for non-Hindi speakers?

Yes, Hindi numbers can be transliterated into the Latin script for the convenience of non-Hindi speakers, though there may be variations in transliteration methods.

8. How are large numbers expressed in Hindi?

Large numbers in Hindi follow a similar pattern to English, with place values denoting higher powers of ten. For example, “एक लाख” (ek laakh) means “one hundred thousand.”


Numerals are a fundamental aspect of language, allowing us to quantify and express numerical values. In Hindi, a rich and vibrant language spoken by millions, numerals play a crucial role in daily communication, from counting objects to expressing time and quantities. By understanding the intricacies of Hindi numerals, you gain insight into the linguistic richness of the language and its unique numeric expressions. Whether you are learning Hindi as a second language or simply exploring its cultural nuances, delving into Hindi numerals opens a gateway to a deeper appreciation of the language and its numerical system.

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